When an accident or injury occurs, emergency oxygen is recommended
virtually all of the time. In 95% of medical emergencies, the victim is still breathing and is usually
conscience; therefore, CPR is
not indicated. Fire Department statistics show that CPR is administered in only 5% of emergency calls, but
emergency oxygen is administered in over 90% of the calls. Emergency Oxygen can be administered by anyone who
has had a basic oxygen administration course.
Emergency oxygen could save someone's life
in a serious or life-threatening medical emergency. These situations often causes the body to be
oxygen deficient. By providing supplemental emergency oxygen, you are increasing the amount of oxygen that
the body desperately needs. If left untreated, oxygen deprivation can affect the heart,
lungs and brain.
Oxygen deprivation can lead to respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest and eventually
irreversible brain damage.
Supplemental Emergency oxygen is a critical step in treating all medical
emergencies. Emergency oxygen administered to a breathing victim may prevent deterioration of the victim's
condition that could also lead to shock.
When we inhale, we breath approximately 21%
oxygen from the atmosphere, normally we use about 5% of that oxygen in respiration. When we exhale, 16% (the
unused portion of oxygen) leaves our lungs through our airway. This unused portion of oxygen can be used for
rescue breathing. Rescue breathing can be further enhanced with emergency oxygen, increasing the O2 delivered to
the victim from 16% to approximately 50% at "Low" (6LPM) and by increasing the flow rate to
"High" (12LPM) approximately 100% inspired oxygen may be achieved .
The American Heart
Association 2010 Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency
Cardiovascular Care recommend ".… use supplemental oxygen … at a flow rate of 10 to 12 Liters per minute
to enable delivery of 100% oxygen (initially)." And " .… give 100% inspired oxygen
during Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) … as soon as it becomes
America offers the following Life Emergency Oxygen:
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